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Aquarium of the Pacific - Online Learning Center - Species Print Sheet

Conservation Status:  Least concern

Land & AquaticSplashback Poison Dart Frog

Adelphobates galactonotus Amphibians

Splashback Poison Dart Frog

Species In-Depth | Print full entry

At the Aquarium

Look for this species in the middle tree cylinder in the FROGS: Dazzling and Disappearing exhibit in the Tropical Pacific Gallery. Our aquarists have provided them with a habitat that is as close as possible to that of their wild counterparts—humid, warm, and dark.

Geographic Distribution

Found in northern and northeastern areas of Brazil in states of Para’, Maranhao, and Tocantins.

Habitat

This terrestrial frog lives in leaf litter on the forest floor.

Physical Characteristics

This showy, medium-sized frog is shiny black in color with orange, yellow, or red “splashed” on its back. Their coloration depends on their location within their range. Red coloration may vary from bright red to wine colored. Some may have two or more colors “splashed” on their backs. Others may have light blue or whitish color on their back. Those that are all whitish are known as “moonshine”. The underside is black and toe pads are enlarged.

Size

These frogs average 1.7 inches (4.3 cm) in size. Females are slightly larger than males.

Diet

They feed primarily on insects.

Reproduction

These frogs are sexually mature at about eight months, with breeding typically taking place when the frogs are at least a year old. Males use their low, sustained buzzing vocalization to attract females to a deposit site where she will lay her eggs to be fertilized by the male. In approximately two weeks, the four to eight eggs will hatch into tadpoles. These tadpoles will be transported to a pool of water by the male. After sixty to ninety days, the tadpoles will metamorphose into adult frogs.

Behavior

These poison dart frogs are mainly active during early morning or late afternoon hours. Known as climbers, they may be found in the dense rainforest understory.

Adaptation

Their bright coloration serves as a warning to predators not to eat them.

Longevity

While their lifespan in the wild is unknown, these frogs can live twelve or more years in captivity.

Conservation

Splashback poison dart frogs are listed as a species of Least Concern by IUCN. This frog is currently abundant in its area, but may be affected by habitat loss, deforestation, and flooding from dams.