Home > Online Learning Center > Rio Cauca Caecilian

Aquarium of the Pacific - Online Learning Center - Species Print Sheet

Conservation Status:  Least concern

AquaticRio Cauca Caecilian

Typhlonectes natans Amphibians

Rio Cauca Caecilian

Species In-Depth | Print full entry

At the Aquarium

Look for these animals in the Life Cycle display in the FROGS: Dazzling and Disappearing exhibit in the Tropical Gallery.

Geographic Distribution

Found in the drainage systems of the Cauca and Magdalena Rivers, northern and western Colombia, and the general area of Venezuela’s Lake Maracaibo Basin.

Habitat

Rarely found on land, this aquatic species lives in marshes, rivers, and lakes. It can thrive in polluted water.

Physical Characteristics

Caecilians belong to an ancient third order of amphibians. They are limbless amphibians living underground or in tropical waters. T. natans is a dark grey-black-colored, eel-like animal living in lakes, marshes, and rivers. Its mouth is recessed under a very long snout. They are nearly blind but are able to tell the difference between light and dark. Unique chemosensory organs called tentacles are located on their head near their nostrils and eyes, which help them find food and sense predators. Most of their oxygen is absorbed from the water through their skin, but they are occasionally observed breathing air at the surface. They have a pair of lungs, but the left one tends to be smaller than the right.

Size

17 to 22 inches (45 to 55 cm) in length.

Diet

Caecilians feed on invertebrates, including worms, spiders, and insects.

Reproduction

Fertilization is internal. Males have a penis-like organ called a phallodeum, which is inserted into the female cloaca for two to three hours. This is a viviparous species that gives birth to live, fully developed offspring. During development, secretions from the oviduct walls nourish the embryos. Cells in the oviduct walls are stimulated by the embryos using specialized fetal teeth to produce the secretions. Gestation is from six to seven months. Average litters are between two and eleven offspring.

Behavior

Caecilians are believed to be solitary, but their behavior is not well known.

Adaptation

These animals have adapted very well to their lifestyle, despite having no limbs or eyes.

Longevity

Caecilian’s lifespan in the wild is unknown, but in captivity they can live four to five years.

Conservation

Caecilians are listed as a species of Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. This species can tolerate polluted water and is resilient to major water quality degradation.