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Aquarium of the Pacific - Online Learning Center - Species Print Sheet

Conservation Status:  Least concern

Land & AquaticMagnificent Tree Frog

Litoria splendida Amphibians

Magnificent Tree Frog

Species In-Depth | Print full entry

At the Aquarium

The magnificent tree frog resides in the FROGS: Dazzling and Disappearing exhibit in the Tropical Pacific Gallery.

Geographic Distribution

Found from the Kimberley Region, Western Australia, and northwestern Northern Territory to Bradshaw Station.

Habitat

Typically found in areas of low rainfall, gorges, and caves.

Physical Characteristics

This frog’s dorsal skin surface is olive to bright green and the ventral side is white. Most have splashes of yellow or white color in varying sizes on their backs. The undersides of their legs and feet are bright yellow. Mature specimens have a sizable parotoid (poison) gland covering their entire head and partially covering their large tympanum. Finger and toe pads have enlarged discs.

Size

Females are typically 4.2 inches (10.6 cm). Males are 4.1 inches (10.4 cm).

Diet

Large insects, spiders, and earthworms.

Reproduction

This species’ breeding behavior has not been extensively studied. It is thought that they breed at night during the rainy season (December and January) in rock pools. The males call to the females with a deep “crawk-crawk-crawk”. The female may lay an average of 1,000 eggs, which form floating mats on the water. Depending on when the eggs were laid, it takes one to four months for the tadpoles to develop into adults.

Behavior

This frog species is nocturnal, hunting and breeding at night.

Adaptation

L. splendida’s bright coloration serves as a warning to predators not to eat it.

Longevity

This frog typically lives eight years.

Conservation

Listed as Least Concern by IUCN but they may still be effected by habitat loss and pollution.