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Aquarium of the Pacific - Online Learning Center - Species Print Sheet

Conservation Status:  Safe for Now

LandSolomon Island Leaf Frog

Ceratobatrachus guentheri Amphibians

Solomon Island Leaf Frog

Species In-Depth | Print full entry

At the Aquarium

The Solomon Island leaf frog resides in the large free-standing cylinder located in the Tropical Pacific Gallery.

Geographic Distribution

Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea, Bougainville, and Buka Islands.

Habitat

Solomon Island leaf frogs inhabit rainforests of montane and tropical lowland forests with low amounts of standing water. It lives in leaf litter on the forest floor and tolerates a wide variety of habitats, so they may be found in degraded lands or rural gardens.

Physical Characteristics

This medium-sized terrestrial frog has many color variations ranging from gold to earthy browns to green. It has a triangular head with a somewhat flattened body and wrinkles and veins covering its skin. The protuberance sticking out from the end of its snout and a spike sticking up above each eye enhance its leaf shape.

Size

Average size is 3 to 4 inches (7.6 to 10 cm) long for females. Males are slightly smaller.

Diet

These frogs feed on insects, smaller amphibians, including other frogs, small reptiles, and arthropods.

Reproduction

These frogs have no set breeding season. Males use their loud, bark-like call to attract females. After mating the female will lay pea-sized clear eggs in small shallow pits dug out by the frog at the base of a tree. After about a month, the eggs will hatch into fully developed frogs measuring 1/8 inch (3 mm) in length.

Behavior

These nocturnal frogs are ambush predators, meaning they sit and wait for prey to come into their vicinity before attacking.

Adaptation

Their camouflage allows them to blend into decaying leaf matter on the rain forest floor making it difficult for predator or prey to see them.

Longevity

While their lifespan in the wild is unknown, they typically live three to five years in captivity.

Conservation

The current population is abundant and stable, possibly due to their ability to adapt to a wide variety of habitats. This frog is being exported in large numbers for the pet trade. The Solomon Islands government is considering legislation to control exports. Habitat loss is becoming more of a threat due to logging.